* Sensory Integration Therapy (SI) - Individuals with ASD frequently have significant sensory challenges ? hypo- or hype- sensitivity to sound, touch, smells, taste, and visuals. In addition, they may experience difficulties with integrating sensory systems. SI can be a very effective intervention to remediate sensory issues. SI includes an assessment by a person training in SI techniques, usually an occupational therapist (OT). Following assessment, the OT typically develops an SI plan to be implemented daily by individuals who work directly with the child/adult with ASD. Appropriate implementation of a SI plan or sensory diet can be a critical component in the overall program for individuals on the spectrum.
* Occupational Therapy (OT) ? may play a critical role in programming for individuals with ASD. Often individuals on the spectrum have poor fine motor and/or daily living skills. Occupational therapists can assess both these areas of skill development and plan appropriate OT interventions to improve fine motor and/or daily living skills.
* Auditory Integration Therapy (AIT) ? may involve listening to specific sound frequencies to reduce the over-sensitivity to sound that is common among individuals with ASD. However, results have been mixed and the effectiveness of the therapy over time has been somewhat problematic.
* Physical Therapy (PT) ? some individuals with ASD many experience gross motor challenges. In that case, a PT assessment and intervention plan may be helpful.